Negative peace factors can certainly provide the most immediate negative economic impact. However, taking a Positive Peace approach can also provide avenues for businesses to engage in prevention and peacebuilding in a way that may be more politically neutral or sensitive. In the work that we have done to empircally identify Positive Peace factors, we've identified an eight-part framework to describe and measure a more peaceful and resilience societal system. These include: •A Well-functioning government that includes government effectiveness, effective judicial systems and the extent to which citizens are allowed to have a voice in decision-making
•Sound business environment, which refers to the economic framework for business set by government, the presence of supporting infrastructure such as internet access, business sophistication and overall market conditions
•Equitable distribution of resources: more than a reflection of income, this pillar is about how vital goods and services such as land, water, education, health care and justice are distributed throughout a society;
•Acceptance of the rights of others, or the level of tolerance and acceptance afforded to individuals in a society
•Good relations with neighbors – describing a country’s capacity to use diplomacy to manage disagreements and to positively manage relationships with other countries.
•Free flow of information, or how easily citizens can gain access to information and whether the media is free and independent
•High levels of human capital, defined as a country’s stock of skills, knowledge and behaviors;
•Low levels of corruption, which is the extent to which corruption is prevented or individuals and organizations are held accountable when corruption occurs.
Paul-Andre Wilton said:
Peace itself is a very loose concept. In peacebuilding circles, there is the distinction between ‘negative peace’ which like a cease fire, can simply mean the absence of violence. And ‘positive peace’ which suggests the respect of rights and the promotion of security that allows people to flourish. In the short run – negative peace might be all a business would consider as relevant to its commercial model, but actually in the long run – commercial success and civic freedoms are linked. Acemoglu and Robinson’s book Why Nations Fail, pointed to how the absence of inclusive institutions and creative destruction linked with more liberal societies would ultimately constrain the wealth of any society. I think paying attention to the long term is critical for engaging in peace processes whether formal ones, or though contributing to factors that diminish drivers of instability. (Not exactly the model but I’m told NASA have a 10,000 year workstream – pared down to a human scale the point is we need to think beyond the immediate). Looking at how long it has taken to bring about a political solution to the conflict in Colombia, its clear that long time lines and commitment are critical.