In response to your last question, who should hold these businesses honest, I believe it falls on the role of the government. Many areas we see in the world with large disruptions of peace are linked to weak governmental entities. In Africa warlords hold the power over the region and as a result we see child soldiers, rape, and death at unprecedented numbers. Here in America it falls on the US legal system to punish any business that may be falsifying profits or acting in an unethical behavior. It is also on governmental agencies such as the SEC to ensure businesses are operating in the best interest of its employees, shareholders, and the public. This is when government agencies must interfere with businesses to play as the role of mediator and law enforcement.
Andrew Coen said:
In response to the second question, I think that one of the biggest issues in measuring the contribution of business to peace is who will do the measuring and how they will be held accountable. It will be difficult for anyone to measure the impact that a business had truly had on a situation and it would be in the companies’ best interests to inflate positive results as much as they can. Who should keep businesses honest and who would have the authority to reprimand the business if their claims prove to be fraudulent?